Previous Seasons Meetings

PhilSoc welcomes proposals for papers to be read at meetings. Proposals should be forwarded to the Honorary Secretary (contact details on the Contact page). Papers may be on any topic falling within the scope of PhilSoc's interests, but speakers are asked to bear in mind that the audience will represent a wide range of linguistic interests, and papers should therefore be accessible to non-specialists.

Jun
11
2022

June 2022

Annual General Meeting followed by public lecture: The Study of Meaning in Natural Language, in the Lab and in the Field
Vera Hohaus (Manchester)

St. Catherine’s College, Oxford
Tea will be served at 3.45pm BST; the AGM will start at 4.15pm BST with the lecture following immediately afterwards

May
06
2022

May 2022

British Academy Lecture : Tracking the history of words - changing perspectives, changing research. This is the 2022 Anna Morpurgo Davies Lecture in partnership with The Philological Society.
Dr Philip Durkin (OED)

The Royal Society, 6-9 Carlton House Terrace, London SW1Y 5AG

Doors will open for registration at 3.30pm BST. The lecture will start at 4.15pm BST and will be followed by a reception. The event will conclude at approximately 6.15pm BST.

This is an in-person event and booking is required for those wishing to attend. Please use the following link in order to read more about the event and to book your place:

https://www.thebritishacademy.ac.uk/events/lectures/the-anna-morpurgo-davies-lecture-tracking-the-history-of-words-changing-perspectives-changing-research/

 

Mar
19
2022

March 2022

Tense in Time: The development of Iranic verbal categories and the difficulty of naming them
Thomas J├╝gel (Bochum)

Remote meeting at 4.15pm GMT

Jan
14
2022

January 2022

The Origins of the Greek Verb
Andreas Willi (Oxford) in conversation with James Clackson (Cambridge)

Remote meeting at 4.15pm GMT

Nov
26
2021

November 2021

Corpus approaches to phonetic~phonological variability and stability.
Sam Hellmuth (York), Eleanor Chodroff (York), Justin Lo (UCL), Benjamin Molineaux (Edinburgh)

Remote meeting 4.00 pm GMT

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PhilSoc ECR Round Table 2021-22

Corpus approaches to phonetic~phonological variability and stability.

Friday 26th November 4pm-6.30pm *note new start time*

The event will take place online via Zoom.

 

Speakers

Dr Eleanor Chodroff, University of York

Dr Justin Lo, University College London/University of York

Dr Benjamin Molineaux, University of Edinburgh

Organiser

Dr Sam Hellmuth, University of York

 

Programme

4.00-4.05      Welcome (Sam Hellmuth)

4.05-4.45      Ben Molineaux:  “How to [PLACE] fricatives in the Corpus of Historical Mapudungun”

4.45-5.25      Justin Lo: “Comparing /s/ with /s/: Cross-linguistic acoustic (in)stability among English–French bilinguals”

5.25-5.30     

5.30-6.10      Eleanor Chodroff: “Structure in phonetic realization across talkers and languages”

6.10-6.25      15 minutes round table Q&A with all panellists

6.25-6.30      Closing words (Sam Hellmuth)

Each talk will be approx. 35 mins, with a short time available for questions immediately afterwards.

 

 

 

 

Abstracts

How to [PLACE] fricatives in the Corpus of Historical Mapudungun

Ben Molineaux (University of Edinburgh)

Minority, non-European languages — such as indigenous American ones — are critically underrepresented in the literature on historical phonology and sound change. Even where they are available, historical sources for such languages tend to be under-explored and a true philological tradition is lacking. In this talk, I will suggest that corpus methods emerge as ideal means for systematically compiling and exploring the available phonological data for such minority languages, focusing in particular on the missionary materials available in the Americas.

Using the newly-developed Corpus of Historical Mapudungun (CHM), I will explore the available evidence for the historical roots of this language's remarkable range of fricative place articulations, including labio-dental [f], interdental [θ], alveolar [s], alveolo-palatal [∫], retroflex [?] and velar [?]. An analysis of spellings and grammarian's comments over the past 400 years will be called upon to establish the contrastive status of the different segments. Particular focus is given to the nativisation of Spanish and Quechua loans which led to the borrowing of /s/, and to the various processes of `affective' alternation between [θ], [s], [∫] and [?] and their phonemic status throughout the historical record for Mapudungun.

 

Comparing /s/ with /s/: Cross-linguistic acoustic (in)stability among English–French bilinguals

Justin Lo (University College London/University of York)

This talk focuses on the production of the sibilant fricative /s/ among bilingual speakers. Cross-linguistically, the acoustic quality of /s/ is highly similar, yet second language (L2) learners may be attuned to fine-grained phonetic differences and accordingly shift their realisation across languages (Boyd 2018; Kitikanan et al. 2015; Quené et al. 2017). At the same time, speakers in other bilingual communities produce generally similar /s/ in each language (Johnson et al. 2019; Schertz et al. 2019). In the case of English and French, coronal consonants are often described to be articulated with different places of articulation and tongue-tip gestures, although the articulatory evidence for the fricatives /s z/ remains mixed (Dart 1991, 1998; Toda 2009). Using data drawn from the Voice ID Database (Royal Canadian Mounted Police, 2010–2016), the acoustic-phonetic study presented here investigates the extent to which bilingual speakers of English and French adopt distinct realisations of /s/ in the two languages.

The results reveal a cross-linguistically stable acoustic target of /s/ for English–French bilinguals, as they do not distinguish /s/ in each language by midpoint spectral moments. Language background does modulate the production of /s/, with L1 French speakers producing lower skewness and kurtosis than L1 English speakers. Language specificity of /s/, however, is found in the shape of the trajectories of its spectral moments and in the degree of within-speaker variability. These findings raise the possibility that there may be subtle differences in the place of articulation and tongue-tip gesture acquired by speakers of different L1s, but such subphonemic distinction is not acquired in the L2. I will further discuss the theoretical and practical implications of these findings for cross-language speaker comparisons in the area of forensic speech science.

 

Structure in phonetic realization across talkers and languages

Eleanor Chodroff (University of York)

A primary goal of linguistic study is to understand the range and limits of crosslinguistic variation. The study of phonetic variation is no exception to this pursuit, but access to suitable multilingual speech corpora has only recently become available. In this talk, I consider how we can make use of large-scale speech corpora to better understand the process of phonetic realization: that is, the projection of phonological segments into phonetic space. Through a series of case studies, I examine cross-talker and crosslinguistic variation and structure in phonetic realization.

Oct
22
2021

October 2021

The Early French Press: Examining a New Text Type in Historical Linguistics
Mairi McLaughlin (UC Berkeley)

Remote meeting 4.15pm BST

Jun
12
2021

Lecture & AGM

A formal theory of idiolect and its forensic applications
Dr Andrea Nini (Manchester)

May
07
2021

May 2021

Contact in the Past: how contact has shaped language in society
Tamsin Blaxter (Cambridge), Victoria Beatrix Fendel (Oxford), Jonathan Kasstan (Westminster), Robin Meyer (Lausanne)

Panel discussion (remote meeting)

Mar
13
2021

March 2021

Workshop on Prominent Possessors

Workshop on Prominent Possessors (organised by SOAS University of London, Murray Edwards College, Cambridge and Surrey Morphology Group)

Feb
12
2021

February 2021

From grammaticalization to agrammatism: a functional approach to grammar
Kasper Boye (Copenhagen)

Remote meeting

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